Forums > Travelogue. > Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur
qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
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Subject : Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur
Geographical Location: 29*24'N-72*01'E
Physical Location: 36 km to the east of Bahawalpur in the province of Punjab
Total Area: 87,426 hectares
Date Established: 1972
Best Time to Visit: October to March

Lal Suhanra Nartional park was declared a national park on 26 October 1972, following recommendations made by the Wildlife Enquiry Committee in 1971. Originally, the park comprised an area of 31,355ha, of which 20,932ha were desert, 8,488ha irrigated forest plantation and 1,934ha reservoir; it was due to be enlarged by 22,680ha. It is crossed by the dried-up bed of the Hakra River and features an important wetland, Patisar Lake. Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation(PTDC) has 6 A/C bedroom resorts in the park. Beside this camping can also be done in selected campsites.

Wildlife:
Blackbuck became virtually extinct in the Cholistan Desert but the species has been re-introduced in Lal Suhanra within large enclosures, together with Chinkara gazelle, Nilgai antelope, Hog deer and Indian rhinoceros. There is big lake in the center of the park called Patisar Lake, which is ideal for bird watching. Patisar Lake regularly holds between 10,000 and 30,000 ducks and common coot in mid-winter. Over 13,00 waterfowl were present in January 1987. The park also supports a large population of birds of prey.

Mammals:
Mammals in the park include--Long-eared Hedgehog (C), Nilgai antelope (T), Black buck (T), Chinkara gazelle (V), Hog deer (T), Red fox (C), Bengal Fox (V), Golden Jackal (C), Porcupine (C), Caracal cat (R), Moongoose (C), Jungle cat (C), Indian Wolf (R), Wild boar (C), Honey Badger or Ratel (?), Little Civet (?), Indian (Black-naped) Hare (C), Smooth-coated Otter (V) and Indian rhino (introduced) (T).

Note: T=Threatened, V=Vulnerable, R=Rare, C=Common, ?=Unknown.

Birds:
Total species: 160
Birds in the park are--Houbara bustard, Griffon vulture, Honey buzzard, Marsh harrier, Hen harrier, Laggar falcon, Peregrine falcon, Kestrel, Indian sparrow hawk, Egyptian vulture, Larks, Shrikes, Wheatears and Barn Owl.

Reptiles:

Reptiles in the park are-- Monitor lizard, Russell's viper, Indian cobra, Saw scaled viper, Wolf snake, John's sand boa and Spiny tailed lizard.

Noteictures are off the internet and copy right of their respective owners.


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:33:47 PM


qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

Status : Offline

Nilgai Cow at Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan - March 2008 by SaffyH - Uploading Iceland Photo's, on Flickr


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:38:02 PM

qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

Status : Offline

Nilgai Bull at Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan - March 2008 by SaffyH - Uploading Iceland Photo's, on Flickr


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:38:51 PM

qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

Status : Offline

Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan - March 2008 by SaffyH - Uploading Iceland Photo's, on Flickr


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:40:12 PM

qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

Status : Offline

Canal at Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan - March 2008 by SaffyH - Uploading Iceland Photo's, on Flickr


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:46:45 PM

qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

Status : Offline

Cholistan Desert at Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan - March 2008 by SaffyH - Uploading Iceland Photo's, on Flickr

aviatormc like this.

Posted on November, 18 2012 07:48:49 PM

qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

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Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur by Danial Shah, on Flickr


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:49:08 PM

qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

Status : Offline

Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan - March 2008 by SaffyH - Uploading Iceland Photo's, on Flickr


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:49:43 PM

qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

Status : Offline

Rhino at Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan - March 2008 by SaffyH - Uploading Iceland Photo's, on Flickr

though they are extinct in pakistan


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:50:15 PM

qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

Status : Offline

Blackbuck at Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan - March 2008 by SaffyH - Uploading Iceland Photo's, on Flickr

Local name: Kala Hiran (Urdu)

Description and Biology:

Size:
Body Length: 100-150 cm / 3.3-5 ft.

Shoulder Height: 60-85 cm / 2-2.8 ft.

Tail Length: 10-17 cm / 4-6.8 in.

Weight: 25-35 kg / 55-77 lb.

Description: One of the few antelope which exhibits pronounced sexual dimorphism, the genders in the blackbuck are readily distinguishable. Both sexes have white underparts, including the insides of the legs and lower chest, as well as a white ring surrounding the eye and a white chin. Females and young are yellowish-fawn on their back and head, and are generally hornless. Males gradually darken from tan to deep brown or black with age, beginning after 2 years. The build is slender, and the tail short. The horns, found only in males and appearing before their pronounced colour change, are twisted in a tight spiral with up to five turns. Ridged laterally, they may grow 35-73 cm / 14-29 inches.

Reproduction: Gestation Period: 5-6 months. Young per Birth: 1 Although breeding can occur throughout the year, there are peak periods in March-May and August-October. Weaning: 5-6 months. Sexual Maturity: 1.5-2 years. Life span: 10-12 years, rarely up to 18.

Social Behavior: During the cooler seasons, blackbuck are diurnal, and active intermittently throughout the hours of daylight. As the temperature rises, however, they are more often seen grazing in the open in the early morning and late afternoon, sheltering from the sun for the rest of the day. When a potential threat is spotted, the alert females are usually first to sound the alarm, with one individual leaping into the air. This motion is followed by the entire herd, although after a few large bounds the herd reduces its pace to a normal gallop. One of the fastest land mammals, blackbuck have been clocked going in excess of 80 kmph / 48 mph.. During the breeding season males become territorial, defending an area usually ranging in size from 1 to 17 hectares from rival males, and attempting to keep the largest group of females within it for the longest period of time. This territoriality can last anywhere from two weeks to eight months. Mixed herds with 5-50 animals, generally with three or fewer males. Bachelor herds are known. Dominance among males within a herd is achieved primarily with posturing and threatening gestures: fights with the sharp horns are rare.

Diet: Leaves, buds, grasses, field fruits. (all above information from "The Ulimate Ungulate Page" by Brent Huffman).

Habitat and Distribution:

Blackbucks are native to India and Pakistan, where they were widespread in plains and open woodlands; western deserts, and northern mountains limited their distribution. Today, extensive hunting and habitat destruction have restricted blackbuck to only small, isolated populations in their former native habitat.
In Pakistan the blackbuck lives in semi-desert areas, such as Cholistan and Thar. Today the blackbuck is an ocassional staggler along the eastern desert border areas of the country. There is no permant resident population today in Pakistan. During the late 1970's and early 80's small populations of blackbuck were brought from Texas, U.S.A to start a reintroduction program in Pakistan. These projects have had some success and now there are small captive populations of blackbuck in 3-4 locations, particularly in Kirthar and lal Sohanra National Parks. The breeding success achieve at Lal Sohanra is 413 animals (Dr. A.Aleem,1998) where as from Khar time to time number of Black Bucks provided to the eminent conservationists for further propagation in their private reserve. At present about 500 animals are surviving in Mir of Khairpurs Mehrano reserve, 110 at Khangur, Ghotki and 70 at New Jatoi, Nawab Shah. However at Khar Center only 35 animals (R.A.Rajput 1999) remain. Except these, some are kept in different zoo's, wildlife centres and in possession of individuals. At present all together about 1500 Black Bucks are reared in captivity and they are surviving in Punjab and Sindh regions of Pakistan. These will be released in the wild in the near future.


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:51:29 PM

qwertypoiu


Age: 27 Male
2040 days old here
Total Posts: 926

Location:
lahore, Afghanistan

Status : Offline

Blackbuck at Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan - March 2008 by SaffyH - Uploading Iceland Photo's, on Flickr


Posted on November, 18 2012 07:52:30 PM

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